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Cluster Brief

Sualkuchi Handloom Cluster, Kamrup, Assam

Sualkuchi is a town in Kamrup district in the Indian state of Assam. It is situated on the north bank of the river Brahmaputra, about 35 km from Guwahati. It has large number of cottage industry engaged in handloom which is also one of the major attraction points for tourists from across the co

Sualkuchi Handloom Cluster, Kamrup, Assam

Sualkuchi is a town in Kamrup district in the Indian state of Assam. It is situated on the north bank of the river Brahmaputra, about 35 km from Guwahati. It has large number of cottage industry engaged in handloom which is also one of the major attraction points for tourists from across the country and the world. The weaving tradition in this village can be traced to the 11th century when king Dharma Pal, of the Pala dynasty, sponsored the craft and brought 26 weaving families from nearby areas of Tantikuchi to Saulkuchi. The village took shape as a weaving village when the SHAMS occupied Sualkuchi defeating the Mughals in the mid-17th century. Sualkuchi is regarded as silk capital of India for its finest varieties of silk. Over the years the mekhla is being manufactured using a variety of silks like eri, mulberry, tassar, and pat. But the most expensive and premium mekhla is the one made of muga silk because it the muga is the costliest yarn in the world. There are approximately 19,000 weavers in the sualkuchi handloom cluster and that is up to 90% of the total population which is directly or indirectly related to handloom activity. Sualkuchi fabrics are hand woven on wooden frame looms as well as jacquard looms with ‘punch-in designing card’, hence can design any intricate designs as per demand. Products like ‘Mekhla chador’, saree and plain fabrics are the mostly woven products in the cluster. Assam’s 6 yards wrap Mekhla Chador takes about 5-7 days to make, and for a saree it takes up to 10-12 days. 
 
(source: Ministry of Tourism, Govt. of Assam, Crafts of Inida.gov.in  website)

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